TYPES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES: BEV AND PHEV
Plug-in electric vehicles are available in two types: battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). These are categorized by the amount of electricity used as their energy source (powertrain).
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
Range is the distance you can travel on energy stored in the battery and/or gas that is in the gas tank. Electric range only considers how far you could travel on a full battery (BEVs and PHEVs), whereas gas range shows how far you could travel if the battery was empty, and the gas tank was full (just PHEVs).
If you purchase a BEV, you're only worry is the electric range, since it does not have a gasoline component. Low-end BEVs range from 100-200 miles, mid-range offers 200-300 miles, and premium BEVs have 300+ miles of range; however, overall range for all EVs are increasing every single year.
If you purchase a PHEV, you have two parts to your range: the electric range of the battery and the gas range. When you combine these two ranges, you can determine the full range of a PHEV.
Although EVs have a set driving range determined by the manufactures, there are certain internal and external influences that can negatively affect on the electric range of an EV. When you purchase your EV, you can sign up for a class that teaches you how to get the most out of your electric miles.
Below is a list of factors that might impact your driving range:
• Aggressive driving
• Long mountain climbs
• Non- stop high speeds
• Strong headwinds
• Extra weight (example: four passengers and luggage)
• Temperatures higher than 68-degrees or lower than 50 degrees (Fahrenheit) within the car