Lead Hazard Control

Lead Hazard Control Program (LHCP) addresses lead hazards in privately-owned housing constructed before 1978, using a grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Services are free; however participants must meet eligibility requirements.

The program aims to prevent childhood lead poisoning by creating lead-safe housing and provides comprehensive lead services and childhood poisoning prevention.  Program partners are the Arizona Department of Health Services and Maricopa County Department of Public Health Services.

Childhood Lead Poisoning: Prevention Information

Childhood lead poisoning is the most common environmental disease of children and is entirely preventable. Lead is a metal commonly found in many products in industrialized countries and serves no known function in the human body.  Even a small amount of lead can be very harmful.

Although it is toxic to all systems of the body, the greatest concern is for its effects on the nervous systems of young children, even when levels are low. Lead can harm the brain and other organs and is most harmful to children because of their smaller developing bodies. Pregnant women and their unborn babies are also at high risk.

Children become lead poisoned by eating paint chips (deteriorating lead-based paint that is peeling, chipping, chalking, cracking or damaged); house dust and soil (playing on the floor and in dirt then putting their hands in their mouth); folk medicines; some Mexican candy; or food cooked in some types of Mexican pottery. Lead-based paint in older homes (built before 1978) with peeling paint is the most common source of lead poisoning. Peeling lead paint and unsafe removal of lead paint all contribute to lead in house dust and soil. Homes undergoing renovation or remodeling are particularly dangerous. 

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Eligibility requirements for enrollment of a property:

  • pre-1978 construction
  • low-income residents
  • child resident under the age of six years or pregnant resident
  • geographic location in a targeted area of the city. The geographic requirement is waived in the case of a resident child with an elevated blood lead level.

The Lead Safe Rental Registry List was developed to help agencies and families with young children to locate housing that has been made “lead safe” by program activities. Properties listed in the Registry List were determined to be “lead safe” following participation in the program or through re-certification testing for the registry. The property must have received lead hazard control services within the last two years to be eligible for the Registry. The property is then listed on the Registry for two years from the date the work was completed.

The city of Phoenix has no control over and makes no warranties regarding activities that the landlord, management, or residents may have taken since the testing which might have disturbed lead-based paint, and/or normal deterioration that might have contaminated the unit since the test date.  Contact us for more information about the program.

Comprehensive Services

Program helps homeowners, landlords and tenants in targeted areas control hazards from lead in paint, soil and dust. Residents must have a low-to-moderate income level to qualify for assistance, the inhabitants must include a child under age six, and the residence must have been constructed before 1978. The program is also a source of information about prevention of childhood lead poisoning.

  • Home Services:
    Qualified properties enrolled in the program will receive services performed by private sector companies and certified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A typical lead project takes about three-to-five days to complete. City housing rehabilitation staff trained to develop lead remediation plans and certified by the EPA oversees all work including: lead testing of the home, work plan preparation, lead remediation and final inspection (completion) of the project
  • Resident Services:
    All resident children under six years of age may be tested for blood lead levels, free of charge, before and after the lead remediation work takes place. Blood is drawn at the home by staff members of the Maricopa County Department of Public Health Services and analyzed by the Maricopa Medical Center laboratory. Blood testing is not mandatory for participation in the program, but it is recommended since it is the only sure way to determine if a child is being exposed to too much lead.
  • HEPA Vacuum Loan Program:
    A HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) Vacuum Loan Program was established to allow property owners, tenants, and homeowners to reduce immediate lead dust hazards and to promote lead-safe work practices during renovation activities that disturb lead-based paint. There are no income requirements for the HEPA Vacuum Loan Program, and residents can borrow the free, portable devices for up to a week.

Maricopa County Department of Public Health Services staff will provide parents with information and education on how to prevent childhood lead poisoning. Parents will learn how to identify and control many other non-housing related lead sources, how to maintain lead-painted surfaces, and what constitutes a healthy diet that will help prevent lead poisoning.

Depending on the nature and extent of the work performed, a brief temporary relocation of the residents may be required. In these cases, program staff  coordinate temporary living arrangements provided without charge to the residents.

Contact Information:
Lead Hazard Control Program
Neighborhood Services Department
200 W. Washington St., fourth floor
Phoenix, AZ 85003
Phone: 602-495-0700
Email: nsd@phoenix.gov

NSD Promo-Healthy Homes Tips (Lead Hazard) Fit PHX logo (for NSD website)

More information about Lead Hazard Control Program (LHCP)